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@Κάντρι -- #Music
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Country music is a genre of United States popular music that originated in the southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from the southeastern genre of United States, such as folk music, and blues music. Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history. Country music often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as banjos, electric and acoustic guitars, dobros and fiddles as well as harmonicas. According to Lindsey Starnes, the term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music, which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. The term country music is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. The origins of country music are the folk music of working-class Americans, who blended popular songs, Irish and Celtic fiddle tunes, traditional English ballads, and cowboy songs, and various musical traditions from European immigrant communities. In 2009 country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute in the United States.
Κάντρι - Music



@Κλασική μουσική -- #Music
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Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period. The major time divisions of Western art music are as follows: the early music period, which includes the Medieval (500–1400) the Renaissance (1400–1600) erasBaroque (1600–1750)Baroque (1600–1750)Classical (1750–1820)Romantic eras (1804–1910) the modern (1890–1930) that overlaps from the late 19th-century, the high modern (1950–1969)contemporary (1945 or 1975–present) or postmodern (1930–present) eras European art music is largely distinguished from many other non-European and some popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 16th century. Western staff notation is used by composers to indicate to the performer the pitches (e.g., melodies, basslines, chords), tempo, meter and rhythms for a piece of music. This can leave less room for practices such as improvisation and ad libitum ornamentation, which are frequently heard in non-European art music and in popular-music styles such as jazz and blues. Another difference is that whereas most popular styles adopt the song (strophic) form, classical music has been noted for its development of highly sophisticated forms of instrumental music such as the concerto, symphony, sonata, and mixed vocal and instrumental styles such as opera which, since they are written down, can sustain larger forms and attain a high level of complexity.
Κλασική μουσική - Music



@Electronica -- #Interest
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Electronica is an umbrella term that encompasses a broad group of electronic-based styles such as techno, house, ambient, drum and bass, jungle, and industrial dance, among others. It has been used to describe the rise of electronic music styles intended not just for dancing but also concentrated listening.Regional definitionsIn North America, in the late 1990s, the mainstream music industry adopted and to some extent manufactured electronica as an umbrella term encompassing styles such as techno, big beat, drum and bass, trip hop, downtempo, and ambient, regardless of whether it was curated by indie labels catering to the "underground" nightclub and rave scenes, or licensed by major labels and marketed to mainstream audiences as a commercially viable alternative to alternative rock music. By the late 2000s, however, the industry abandoned electronica in favor of electronic dance music (EDM), a term with roots in academia and an increasing association with outdoor music festivals and relatively mainstream, post-rave electro house and dubstep music. Nevertheless, the U.S.-based AllMusic still categorises electronica as a top-level genre, stating that it includes danceable grooves, as well as music for headphones and chillout areas.
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@Ροκ εντ ρολ -- #Interest
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Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s, from musical styles such as gospel, jazz, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues, and country music. While elements of rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until the 1950s.According to Greg Kot, "rock and roll" can refer either to a style of popular music originating in the U.S. in the 1950s prior to its development by the mid-1960s into "the more encompassing international style known as rock music". For the purpose of differentiation, this article deals with the first definition.In the earliest rock and roll styles of the late 1940s and early 1950s, either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument, but these were generally replaced or supplemented by guitar in the middle to late 1950s. The beat is essentially a blues rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, the latter almost always provided by a snare drum. Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars, a double bass or string bass or an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit.Beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll, as seen in movies and on television, influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language. In addition, rock and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African-American and white American teens enjoyed the music. It went on to spawn various genres, often without the initially characteristic backbeat, that are now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock".
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@Χιπ χοπ -- #Musical Genre
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Hip hop is a subculture and art movement developed by African-Americans and Latinos from the inner-city South Bronx neighbourhood in New York City in the late 1970s. While people unfamiliar with hip hop culture often use the expression "hip hop" to refer exclusively to hip hop music (also called "rap"), hip hop is characterized by anywhere from four to nine distinct elements or expressive realms, of which hip hop music is only one element. DJ Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, coining the terms: "rapping" (also called MCing or emceeing), a rhythmic vocal rhyming style (orality); DJing (and turntablism), which is making music with record players and DJ mixers (aural/sound and music creation); b-boying/b-girling/breakdancing (movement/dance); and graffiti art, which he called "aerosol writin´" (visual art). Other elements of the hip hop subculture and arts movement beyond the main four are: hip hop culture and historical knowledge of the movement (intellectual/philosophical); beatboxing, a percussive vocal style; street entrepreneurship; African-American language and slang; and hip hop fashion and style, among others.
Χιπ χοπ - Musical Genre



@Hip-hop -- #Interest
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Le hip-hop, musique rap ou musique hip-hop est un genre musical caractérisé par un rythme accompagné de rap et de chants. Le genre se développe en tant que mouvement culturel et artistique apparu aux États-Unis à New York, dans le South Bronx au début des années 1970. Originaire des ghettos noirs et latinos de New York, il se répandra rapidement dans l´ensemble du pays puis au monde entier au point de devenir une culture urbaine importante. La culture hip-hop connaît plusieurs disciplines : le rap (ou MCing), le DJing, le break dancing (ou b-boying), le graffiti, le beatboxing. Ces disciplines, apparues avant le hip-hop, seront intégrées dès la naissance du mouvement. C´est néanmoins par son expression musicale qu´il est le plus connu et, de ce fait, souvent réduit à celle-ci.Cette expression musicale est elle-même souvent appelée rap, ce qui constitue un raccourci dans la mesure où ce terme ne s´applique qu´à la parole, scandée et saccadée propre au MCing. La musique hip-hop peut en effet revêtir plusieurs formes, voire se limiter aux seuls beats du DJ (disc jockey), auquel cas le terme rap ne convient pas.
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@Old school hip hop -- #Musical Genre
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Old-School Hip Hop describes the earliest commercially recorded hip hop music, and the music in the period preceding it from which it was directly descended . Old school hip hop is said to have ended around 1984 due to changes in both rapping technique and the accompanying music and rhythms. The image, styles and sounds of the old school were exemplified by figures like Afrika Bambaataa, The Sugarhill Gang, Grandmaster Flash, Rock Steady Crew, Spoonie Gee, Newcleus, Treacherous Three, Funky Four Plus One, Kurtis Blow, Busy Bee Starski, Lovebug Starski, The Cold Crush Brothers, Kool Moe Dee, Warp 9 and Fab Five Freddy. It is characterized by the simpler rapping techniques of the time and the general focus on party related subject matter. There were however, exceptions, such as Brother D´s "How We Gonna Make the Black Nation Rise", and Kurtis Blow´s "Hard Times", that explored socially relevant ideas. The release of The Message in 1982 by Duke Bootee and Melle Mel, however released as by Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five marked the arrival of hip hop as social commentary, making it possible for future artists like Public Enemy and N.W.A to create an identity based on socially conscious themes.
Old school hip hop - Musical Genre



@Emo -- #Interest
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Emo is a loosely categorized music genre characterized by expressive, often confessional, lyrics. It emerged as a style of post-hardcore from the mid-1980s hardcore punk movement of Washington, D.C., where it was known as "emotional hardcore" or "emocore" and pioneered by bands such as Rites of Spring and Embrace. However, as emo was echoed by contemporary American punk rock bands, its sound and meaning shifted and changed and it was reinvented as a style of indie rock and pop punk encapsulated in the early 1990s by bands such as Jawbreaker and Sunny Day Real Estate. By the, numerous emo acts formed in the Midwestern and Central United States, and several independent record labels began to specialize in the genre. Meanwhile, a more aggressive style of emo, screamo, had also emerged.Emo broke into mainstream culture in the early 2000s with the platinum-selling success of Jimmy Eat World and Dashboard Confessional. In the wake of this success, many emo bands were signed to major record labels and the style became a marketable product. By the early 2010s, the popularity of emo began to decrease. Some bands moved away from their emo roots and some bands disbanded. An underground "emo revival" emerged in the 2010s, with bands drawing on the sounds and aesthetics of emo of the 1990s and early 2000s.
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@Mpb -- #Interest
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A MPB, expressão derivada de Música Popular Brasileira, é um gênero musical brasileiro. A MPB surgiu a partir de 1966, com a segunda geração da bossa nova. Na prática, a sigla MPB anunciou uma fusão de dois movimentos musicais até então divergentes, a bossa nova e o engajamento folclórico dos Centros Populares de Cultura da União Nacional dos Estudantes, os primeiros defendendo a sofisticação musical e os segundos, a fidelidade à música de raiz brasileira. Seus propósitos se misturaram e com o golpe de 1964, os dois movimentos se tornaram uma frente ampla cultural contra o regime militar, adotando a sigla MPB na sua bandeira de luta.Assim como a bossa nova, a MPB foi uma tentativa de produzir uma música brasileira "nacional" que a partir de estilos tradicionais. A MPB teve um impacto considerável na década de 1960, em grande parte graças a vários festivais de música na televisão.HistóriaO termo "música popular brasileira" já era utilizado no início do século XX, sem entretanto definir um movimento ou grupo de artistas. No ano de 1945, o livro "Música popular brasileira", de Oneyda Alvarenga, relaciona o termo a manifestações populares, como o bumba-meu-boi. Somente duas décadas depois ganharia também a sigla MPB e a concepção que se tem do termo. A MPB surgiu exatamente em um momento de declínio da bossa nova, gênero renovador na música brasileira surgido na segunda metade da década de 1950. Influenciado pelo jazz norte-americano, a bossa nova deu novas marcas ao samba tradicional.
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@Ρέγκε -- #Interest
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O Reggae é um gênero musical desenvolvido originalmente na Jamaica do fim da década de 1960. Embora por vezes seja usado num sentido mais amplo para se referir à maior parte dos tipos de música jamaicana, o termo reggae indica mais especificamente um tipo particular de música que se originou do desenvolvimento do ska e do rocksteady.O reggae baseia se num estilo rítmico caracterizado pela acentuação no tempo fraco, conhecido como skank. O estilo normalmente é mais lento que o ska e o rocksteady, e seus compassos normalmente são acentuados na segunda e na quarta batida, com a guitarra base servindo ou para enfatizar a terceira batida, ou para segurar o acorde da segunda até que o quarto seja tocado. É principalmente essa "terceira batida", sua velocidade e o uso de linhas de baixo complexas que diferencia o reggae do rocksteady, embora estilos posteriores tenham incorporado estas inovações de maneira independente.O cantor e compositor Bob Marley é o ícone deste estilo musical.EtimologiaA edição de 1967 do Dictionary of Jamaican English ("Dicionário de inglês jamaicano") lista reggae como "a recently estab. sp. for rege", as in rege-rege, a word that can mean either "rags, ragged clothing" or "a quarrel, a row". ("uma grafia recentemente estabelecida de rege", como em rege-rege, palavra que pode significar tanto "farrapos", "roupas rasgadas" quanto "uma confusão", "uma discussão".)
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